Well here we are another year on, January may often be the coldest of months but we want to welcome 2019 with the warmest of welcomes! We know January can be a tough month, all the festive celebrations are over and our bank balances are feeling the strain! So why not use this month to get out in the gardens and keep them ticking over, get wrapped up and prepare for another great year. Let’s see what you can be doing this month and we have also mapped out a yearly calendar of the most important jobs!
Continue to plant bare-root deciduous hedging plants and trees. Stakes should be put in place before the root ball to avoid damage to the roots. You can move established deciduous trees and shrubs, provided the ground is not frozen or waterlogged.
Take note of the most vibrant dogwoods (Cornus), Salix and white-stemmed Rubus shrubs for a display of coloured stems. Seek out scented winter shrubs, such as Hamamelis ,Sarcococca and Chimonanthus, when visiting gardens open to the public, or in garden centres, and consider planting them for a winter display.
Pruning and renovation of many deciduous trees, shrubs and hedges can be carried out from now throughout the dormant season. It is easier to see what you are doing when the branches have no leaves. Suitable examples are: Fagus(beech), Corylus (hazel) and roses. Exceptions are evergreens and tender plants (best left until spring), and Prunus species (e.g. ornamental cherries, plums and almonds) as these are vulnerable to silver leaf disease when pruned in autumn or winter.
Prune Wisteria – cut back the sideshoots shortened by summer pruning to two or three buds. Avoid cutting off flower buds.
Info taken from RHS
Check tree ties and stakes on established plants. Replace, tighten or slacken them where necessary. Firm back newly planted trees and shrubs if they have been lifted by frost heave or strong winds.
Protect newly planted trees, hedges and shrubs from cold winds and frosts. Erect a temporary netting windbreak if there is no natural shelter. Thick dry mulches will protect the roots from cold, and branches can be covered with straw or bracken, and secured with fleece and ties, to protect them from frost damage. A wooden frame with clear polythene stretched over it does a similar job for evergreens without blocking the light, but don’t let the polythene touch the leaves, as condensation could freeze or cause rots.
If there is snow in your area, then you may need to brush it off the branches of conifers, climbers and light-limbed shrubs and trees. Heavy snowfall can splay branches, break limbs and spoil the shape of the tree.
Remove weeds from around the bases of young trees.
Info taken from RHS