Attracting birds to a hedge
Just as we all look forward to spring, so do the birds! They’ve survived many weeks of harsh winter weather and food shortages and although most birds will not start building their nests until March, they spend many weeks making exploratory visits and checking out suitable nesting sites.
1. Dense Hedging
There are 3 main ways to make a hedge attractive to birds.
The first is to make it thick at the bottom to provide the cover they like for scratching about in the darker recesses for insects, especially in winter when the surrounding ground is frozen. The carpet of dead leaves and fallen fruits generally will remain unfrozen to offer much needed food when birds need extra food simply to maintain their body temperature for survival. The thickness of the hedge also provides a valuable shelter from cold weather.
How do I make my hedge ‘thicker’ at the bottom?
If it’s a young hedge, you should trim off half to two thirds of the annual growth to stimulate growth at the bottom. If it’s an old hedge then you can either infill with young plants or have the hedge laid. See a very useful book on hedge laying from Amazon – it’s quite a skilled country craft.
2. Add In Tall Hedging Species
Secondly, including a few taller species or hedgerow trees (like Holly, Crab Apple, Wild Cherry, Bird Cherry, or Rowan/Mountain Ash) makes the hedge attractive to those birds, especially songbirds like blackbirds and thrush, which like to sing from the top of the hedge and hedgerow trees make attractive nesting sites for woodpigeon and ring doves.
3. Add In As Many Species As You Can!
And thirdly, a species-rich hedge (with 5 or more species) will be colonised by tiny insects and mites, a good dinner for most birds who feed whilst protected from larger predators. So, think twice before spraying with pesticide near a hedge and keep a margin of grass or wild flowers to increase the number of insects in the area.
This chart shows the approx number of insects which feed and live on common hedging plants:
Generally it would be true to say that the more plant species in the hedge, the more insects it would attract and in turn the more birds would be attracted for feeding and/or nesting. Our standard mixed native hedging includes Hawthorn, Blackthorn, Dog Rose, Field Maple, Hazel and Wild Cherry but we are happy to add other species – or you can “pick and mix” your own from the bare root section of our website. Also see our National Trust affiliated hedging packs.
For those interested in reading more please see National Trust and the great work they for wildlife.
How To Help Birds In Winter When Food & Shelter Are Scarce
One of the best methods to attract wildlife to your gardens is by providing food. Putting out a small amount will encourage wildlife to visit your gardens. Whilst hedging with berries is a wonderful source of food for birds, sometimes that isn’t enough so make sure your bird seed feeders and regularly topped up and plenty of fat blocks are hanging in your wire frames. Some cheeky squirrels may get at these, but at least they are also getting a good feed!
What food do I leave out for birds?
We’ve got you covered with our new brand My Garden Wildlife
With a wide range of bird food suited to many bird types, My Garden Wildlife offers your winter fixes and will keep your garden visitors happy!